12.21.2010

Arti Lambang Keraton Yogyakarta


Gbr. Keraton Yogyakarta

Kita semua sering menemui lambang kebesaran Keraton Yogya. Tidak jarang saya menjumpai beberapa mobil memasang lambang ini,ataupun di kaos-kaos, bendera, sticker, dll. Berbagai pernak-pernik juga sering kita jumpai saat kita mengunjungi Malioboro. Nama lambang yang selalu menghiasi bangunan-bangunan Keraton Yogyakarta tersebut adalah Praja Cihna. Dari pengetahuan saya, nama tersebut diambil dari bahasa sansekerta Praja yang berarti Abdi Negara dan Cihna yang berarti Sifat Sejati. Secara harafiah, menurut saya Praja Cihna bisa diartikan Sifat Sejati Abdi Negara.

Download Logo Keraton Jogja


Gbr. Logo Keraton Jogja

Banyak yang menanyakan dimana bisa memperoleh Logo Keraton Ngayogyakarta. Berikut ini kami upload Logo Kraton Ngayogyakarta & Logo Hamengkubuwono X dalam versi vector (Corel Draw, format .cdr) Semoga bermanfaat untuk teman-teman yang ingin membikin merchandise (Stiker, Kaos, bendera dll) dgn menggunakan logo-logo tersebut. Trims to Indra Hatma yang telah membuatnya.

Download Logo Keraton Yogyakarta(CorelDraw) (format .cdr)

di salin dari fb YOGYAKARTA





Lagu Jogja Istimewa


Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (atau Jogja, Yogya, Yogyakarta, Jogjakarta dan seringkali disingkat DIY) adalah sebuah provinsi di Indonesia yang terletak di bagian selatan Pulau Jawa dan berbatasan dengan Provinsi Jawa Tengah di sebelah utara. Secara geografis Yogyakarta terletak di pulau Jawa bagian Tengah.


Gonjang-ganjing keistimewaan jogja masih belum berakhir. Entah apakah karena pemerintah iri karena tidak bisa dicintai rakyatnya seperti yang terjadi pada sultan, yang pasti pemerintah telah mengusik ketentraman jogja. Tidak sedikit yang menyayangkan apa yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah. Banyak dukungan supaya jogja tetap istimewa dilakukan oleh masyarakat, baik dengan turun ke jalan, mengikuti sidang paripurna DPRD jogja, dll.

Amanat Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX



Kami Hamengku Buwono IX,
Sultan Negeri Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat menyatakan,

  1. Bahwa Negeri Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat yang bersifat kerajaan adalah Daerah Istimewa dari Republik Indonesia
  2. Bahwa kami sebagai Kepala Daerah memegang segala kekuasaan dalam negeri Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, oleh karena itu berhubung dengan keadaan pada dewasa ini segala urusan pemerintahan dalam Negeri Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat mulai saat ini berada di tangan kami dan kekuasaan-kekuasaan lainnya kami pegang seluruhnya.
  3. Bahwa perhubungan antara Negeri Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat dengan pemerintahan pusat Negera Republik Indonesia, bersifat langsung dan kami bertanggung jawab atas Negeri kami langsung kepada Presiden Republik Indonesia.
Kami memerintahkan supaya segenap penduduk dalam Negeri Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat mengindahkan Amanat kami ini.

Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat
28 Puasa Ehe 1876 atau
5-9-1945
ttd.
Hamengku Buwono IX

12.19.2010

Machine code

In most computers, individual instructions are stored as machine code with each instruction being given a unique number (its operation code or opcode for short). The command to add two numbers together would have one opcode, the command to multiply them would have a different opcode and so on. The simplest computers are able to perform any of a handful of different instructions; the more complex computers have several hundred to choose from—each with a unique numerical code. Since the computer's memory is able to store numbers, it can also store the instruction codes. This leads to the important fact that entire programs (which are just lists of these instructions) can be represented as lists of numbers and can themselves be manipulated inside the computer in the same way as numeric data. The fundamental concept of storing programs in the computer's memory alongside the data they operate on is the crux of the von Neumann, or stored program, architecture. In some cases, a computer might store some or all of its program in memory that is kept separate from the data it operates on. This is called the Harvard architecture after the Harvard Mark I computer. Modern von Neumann computers display some traits of the Harvard architecture in their designs, such as in CPU caches.

While it is possible to write computer programs as long lists of numbers (machine language) and while this technique was used with many early computers,[21] it is extremely tedious and potentially error-prone to do so in practice, especially for complicated programs. Instead, each basic instruction can be given a short name that is indicative of its function and easy to remember—a mnemonic such as ADD, SUB, MULT or JUMP. These mnemonics are collectively known as a computer's assembly language. Converting programs written in assembly language into something the computer can actually understand (machine language) is usually done by a computer program called an assembler. Machine languages and the assembly languages that represent them (collectively termed low-level programming languages) tend to be unique to a particular type of computer. For instance, an ARM architecture computer (such as may be found in a PDA or a hand-held videogame) cannot understand the machine language of an Intel Pentium or the AMD Athlon 64 computer that might be in a PC.[22]

Limited-function ancient computers

The history of the modern computer begins with two separate technologies—automated calculation and programmability—but no single device can be identified as the earliest computer, partly because of the inconsistent application of that term. Examples of early mechanical calculating devices include the abacus, the slide rule and arguably the astrolabe and the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient astronomical computer built by the Greeks around 80 BC.[4] The Greek mathematician Hero of Alexandria (c. 10–70 AD) built a mechanical theater which performed a play lasting 10 minutes and was operated by a complex system of ropes and drums that might be considered to be a means of deciding which parts of the mechanism performed which actions and when.[5] This is the essence of programmability.

The "castle clock", an astronomical clock invented by Al-Jazari in 1206, is considered to be the earliest programmable analog computer.[6][verification needed] It displayed the zodiac, the solar and lunar orbits, a crescent moon-shaped pointer travelling across a gateway causing automatic doors to open every hour,[7][8] and five robotic musicians who played music when struck by levers operated by a camshaft attached to a water wheel. The length of day and night could be re-programmed to compensate for the changing lengths of day and night throughout the year.[6]
The Renaissance saw a re-invigoration of European mathematics and engineering. Wilhelm Schickard's 1623 device was the first of a number of mechanical calculators constructed by European engineers, but none fit the modern definition of a computer, because they could not be programmed.

Memory

A computer's memory can be viewed as a list of cells into which numbers can be placed or read. Each cell has a numbered "address" and can store a single number. The computer can be instructed to "put the number 123 into the cell numbered 1357" or to "add the number that is in cell 1357 to the number that is in cell 2468 and put the answer into cell 1595". The information stored in memory may represent practically anything. Letters, numbers, even computer instructions can be placed into memory with equal ease. Since the CPU does not differentiate between different types of information, it is the software's responsibility to give significance to what the memory sees as nothing but a series of numbers.

In almost all modern computers, each memory cell is set up to store binary numbers in groups of eight bits (called a byte). Each byte is able to represent 256 different numbers (2^8 = 256); either from 0 to 255 or −128 to +127. To store larger numbers, several consecutive bytes may be used (typically, two, four or eight). When negative numbers are required, they are usually stored in two's complement notation. Other arrangements are possible, but are usually not seen outside of specialized applications or historical contexts. A computer can store any kind of information in memory if it can be represented numerically. Modern computers have billions or even trillions of bytes of memory.
The CPU contains a special set of memory cells called registers that can be read and written to much more rapidly than the main memory area. There are typically between two and one hundred registers depending on the type of CPU. Registers are used for the most frequently needed data items to avoid having to access main memory every time data is needed. As data is constantly being worked on, reducing the need to access main memory (which is often slow compared to the ALU and control units) greatly increases the computer's speed.
Computer main memory comes in two principal varieties: random-access memory or RAM and read-only memory or ROM. RAM can be read and written to anytime the CPU commands it, but ROM is pre-loaded with data and software that never changes, so the CPU can only read from it. ROM is typically used to store the computer's initial start-up instructions. In general, the contents of RAM are erased when the power to the computer is turned off, but ROM retains its data indefinitely. In a PC, the ROM contains a specialized program called the BIOS that orchestrates loading the computer's operating system from the hard disk drive into RAM whenever the computer is turned on or reset. In embedded computers, which frequently do not have disk drives, all of the required software may be stored in ROM. Software stored in ROM is often called firmware, because it is notionally more like hardware than software. Flash memory blurs the distinction between ROM and RAM, as it retains its data when turned off but is also rewritable. It is typically much slower than conventional ROM and RAM however, so its use is restricted to applications where high speed is unnecessary.[28]
In more sophisticated computers there may be one or more RAM cache memories which are slower than registers but faster than main memory. Generally computers with this sort of cache are designed to move frequently needed data into the cache automatically, often without the need for any intervention on the programmer's part.

12.18.2010

Smoking

When your parents were young, people could buy cigarettes and smoke pretty much anywhere — even in hospitals! Ads for cigarettes were all over the place. Today we're more aware about how bad smoking is for our health. Smoking is restricted or banned in almost all public places and cigarette companies are no longer allowed to advertise on TV, radio, and in many magazines.

Almost everyone knows that smoking causes cancer, emphysema, and heart disease; that it can shorten your life by 10 years or more; and that the habit can cost a smoker thousands of dollars a year. So how come people are still lighting up? The answer, in a word, is addiction.

Once You Start, It's Hard to Stop
Smoking is a hard habit to break because tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive. Like heroin or other addictive drugs, the body and mind quickly become so used to the nicotine in cigarettes that a person needs to have it just to feel normal.



People start smoking for a variety of different reasons. Some think it looks cool. Others start because their family members or friends smoke. Statistics show that about 9 out of 10 tobacco users start before they're 18 years old. Most adults who started smoking in their teens never expected to become addicted. That's why people say it's just so much easier to not start smoking at all.

How Smoking Affects Your Health
There are no physical reasons to start smoking. The body doesn't need tobacco the way it needs food, water, sleep, and exercise. And many of the chemicals in cigarettes, like nicotine and cyanide, are actually poisons that can kill in high enough doses.

The body is smart. It goes on the defense when it's being poisoned. First-time smokers often feel pain or burning in the throat and lungs, and some people feel sick or even throw up the first few times they try tobacco.



The consequences of this poisoning happen gradually. Over the long term, smoking leads people to develop health problems like heart disease, stroke, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), and many types of cancer — including lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer. People who smoke also have an increased risk of infections like bronchitis and pneumonia.

These diseases limit a person's ability to be normally active, and they can be fatal. In the United States, smoking is responsible for about 1 out of 5 deaths.



Smokers not only develop wrinkles and yellow teeth, they also lose bone density, which increases their risk of osteoporosis (pronounced: ahs-tee-o-puh-row-sus), a condition that causes older people to become bent over and their bones to break more easily. Smokers also tend to be less active than nonsmokers because smoking affects lung power.

Smoking can also cause fertility problems and can impact sexual health in both men and women. Girls who are on the pill or other hormone-based methods of birth control (like the patch or the ring) increase their risk of serious health problems, such as heart attacks, if they smoke.

The consequences of smoking may seem very far off, but long-term health problems aren't the only hazard of smoking. Nicotine and the other toxins in cigarettes, cigars, and pipes can affect a person's body quickly, which means that teen smokers experience many of these problems:

Bad skin. Because smoking restricts blood vessels, it can prevent oxygen and nutrients from getting to the skin — which is why smokers often appear pale and unhealthy. Studies have also linked smoking to an increased risk of getting a type of skin rash called psoriasis.
Bad breath. Cigarettes leave smokers with a condition called halitosis, or persistent bad breath.
Bad-smelling clothes and hair. The smell of stale smoke tends to linger — not just on people's clothing, but on their hair, furniture, and cars. And it's often hard to get the smell of smoke out.
Reduced athletic performance. People who smoke usually can't compete with nonsmoking peers because the physical effects of smoking (like rapid heartbeat, decreased circulation, and shortness of breath) impair sports performance.
Greater risk of injury and slower healing time. Smoking affects the body's ability to produce collagen, so common sports injuries, such as damage to tendons and ligaments, will heal more slowly in smokers than nonsmokers.
Increased risk of illness. Studies show that smokers get more colds, flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia than nonsmokers. And people with certain health conditions, like asthma, become more sick if they smoke (and often if they're just around people who smoke). Because teens who smoke as a way to manage weight often light up instead of eating, their bodies also lack the nutrients they need to grow, develop, and fight off illness properly.

Hookahs and E-Cigarettes
It's not only cigarettes that get people dependent on tobacco. Hookahs, staples of Middle Eastern café society, are water pipes used to smoke tobacco through a hose with a tapered mouthpiece. There's a myth going around that hookahs are safer because the smoke is cooled when it passes through the water.

But take a look at the black, resinous gunk that builds up in a hookah hose. Some of that gets into users' mouths and lungs. Indeed, experts say hookahs are no safer than cigarettes — and since they don't have filters and people often use them for long periods, the health risks might be even greater. Hookahs are usually shared, so there's the additional risk from germs being passed around along with the pipe.

Also beware of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), which contain cancer-causing chemicals and other toxins, including a compound used in antifreeze. These battery-operated devices use cartridges filled with nicotine, flavorings, and other chemicals and convert them into a vapor that's inhaled by the user.

E-cigarettes haven't been evaluated or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), so they don't have to post the health warnings that nicotine replacement products or conventional cigarettes do. But there's no such thing as a safe nicotine product.

Kicking Butts and Staying Smoke Free
All forms of tobacco — cigarettes, pipes, cigars, hookahs, and smokeless tobacco — are hazardous. It doesn't help to substitute products that seem like they're better for you than regular cigarettes, such as e-cigarettes or filtered or low-tar cigarettes.

The only thing that really helps a person avoid the problems associated with smoking is staying smoke free. This isn't always easy, especially if everyone around you is smoking and offering you cigarettes. It may help to have your reasons for not smoking ready for times you may feel the pressure, such as "I just don't like it" or "I want to stay in shape for soccer" (or football, basketball, or other sport).

The good news for people who don't smoke or who want to quit is that studies show that the number of teens who smoke has dropped dramatically. Today, about 20% of high school students smoke — which means 4 out of 5 don't.

If you do smoke and want to quit, you have lots of information and support available. Different approaches to quitting work for different people. For some, quitting cold turkey is best. Others find that a slower approach is the way to go. Some people find that it helps to go to a support group especially for teens. These are sometimes sponsored by local hospitals or organizations like the American Cancer Society. The Internet offers a number of good resources to help people quit smoking.

When quitting, it can be helpful to realize that the first few days are the hardest. So don't give up. Some people find they have a few relapses before they manage to quit for good.

Staying smoke free will give you a whole lot more of everything — more energy, better performance, better looks, more money in your pocket, and, in the long run, more life to live!

10 Most Amazing Google Search Tricks

Searching on Google can be a magical experience once you find out how to make your search queries efficient. By making efficient I mean using some tricks or the cheat sheet provided by Google itself to quickly find what you actually require. Having being hooked onto Google for a long time now, I have come across some amazing search tricks which can change the way you look at Google today.



In this article I will list down the search tricks which I use quite frequently. Be it finding time, meanings or watching the cricket score, searching PDF’s, with Google as the search engine life cannot be more simpler. Here are the 10 most amazing Google Search tricks:

1. Different Types of Files at your will
How many times would you have asked for materials (PDF, PPT, DOC) for a particular topic from a friend? Its almost everyday that we might have the necessity to ask them either for knowledge, preparing a presentation, white-paper or for case studies. Such times it mostly difficult to look out what to exactly search for because most of the times you don’t know about the topic at hand. But this petty keyword unleashes its lethal power at such occasions.

Let’s say I want to implement a case study on SOA which means I have to read a lot of information for SOA. So I just have to find materials which might have already been uploaded on the web in the form of PDF’s, DOC’s or PPT’s. These materials can be easily obtained by doing a search for:

PDF – service oriented architecture filetype:pdf
PPT – service oriented architecture filetype:ppt
DOC – service oriented architecture filetype:doc
2. Scholarly Search
If you want some authenticity of the materials then it would be better to find the materials from educational institutes or universities. For this use the Google scholar search. But suppose you don’t like to switch to Google scholar search you can add the same query with an additional parameter to the normal Google search box,

service oriented architecture filetype:pdf site:edu
3. Meanings of any word in an instant
Now you do not have to carry a dictionary or install a dictionary software just for the purpose of finding out a meaning of a word. With the wealth of information in Google’s hands, its a piece of cake to find out the meaning of the word. Just use the define: keyword. The meaning would of course be displayed but also a set of other links which might have an alternative definition are also given out with the link to read more about it.

define:beureaucracy
You would argue here that, a dicitionary gives out more information than this. But what about words that don’t actually fall within the vocabulary. Suppose you want to know what SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) is then you would have no choice. Google Search comes to your rescue in this case,

Abbreviations – define: SOA
Jargons – define: Web 2.0
SMS language – define: LOL
4. Find the time of any location
Many of us might be probably working for client which are based at different locations. And communication has to be carried out frequently carried out in such cases. But before a communication you have to know which time zone the location is falling into otherwise you would be causing a disturbance.

I have seen people installing time zone software for showing the time of the location they would be calling to. But with Google at your hands you don’t have to install any software. It would be just simple to use a query for finding the current time such as,

time new york
psst….look closely the time on the little clock graphic. It also shows the perfect time!

5. Weather at your fingertips
I had been to GOA for a Christmas vacation in the last week of December. But I made a mistake of not finding out the temperature of GOA before leaving. Had I known that it is hot even in the winter I would not have made the mistake of carrying additional luggage consisting of blankets and jackets.

If you are thinking to visit a place it is useful to know what the temperature of the place is before hand, it can make efficient packing. Google helps you here too. Just use this query without asking anybody or waiting for the news to make a weather report. I wish I had thought of this!

goa weather
6. Google does live commentary too!
Indians are cricket fanatics. But its amusing to see the organizations here trying to put together tactics to devoid cricket lovers from wasting time to watch the cricket scores instead of doing their work. What I think they fail to understand is that by blocking the live cricket scoring sites they are actually making the employees more curios and provoking them to hunt for proxy networks or listen to the radio or chat with their friends elsewhere.

Jokes apart, you actually don’t need proxy networks to view the live cricket scores if you at least have access to Google. If you want to find the latest info about all the cricket matches then just type,

cricket
But if you want to find out only about a particular match then use only the names of the two playing nations,

India Australia
Remember that the scorecard will come only when the play is going on.

7. Calculate with your browser
Every OS has a calculator inbuilt but when the browser is the thing which is constantly open whey bother to open up a calculator. Open Google and straight away type your mathematical expression. You can go all the way from basic arithmetic to trigonometrical expressions. This is simply amazing stuff accomplished by Google.

26 * 9000
sin(90) / cos (90)
8. Compare your currency with others
Now that the dollar is declining, the rest of the world must be busy trying to check the impact of the dollar on their currencies. But first of all one must know how much a particular currency amounts to when cashed in another currency. Google’s inbuilt currency converter just does this.

1 USD in INR
1 EUR in INR
9. Keep track of the stocks
With the booming stock market it is very important to track the stocks on a day to day basis. Putting a stock ticker in the search box is the most obvious thing you would think of. But it is not always you would remember the stock ticker, you should add the keyword “stocks:” to the company name.

The best part of the obtained result is that it provides a chart which shows the trend in the company’s stock along with important statistics.

stocks: INFY
Note: Currently the results are restricted to the companies listed in the US stock markets.

10. Wanna find some faces?
This is most interesting trick. You might be needing images for various occasions and searching for images is the most difficult thing because what we expect might not be possibly mapped to a query. But Google has a parameter in place for images in situations we need an image which describes a face.

Suppose I search for the term “happy” then the Google results page displays smileys. But I would like to use images of happy people. Even if I choose the term as “happy face” the results don’t show images which contain people. For this there is a parameter “imgtype” which you can use with the URL. For this put in the URL as follows:

http://images.google.co.in/images?q=happy&imgtype=face
There are many more variations which can be bought about with the above tricks thus making your search experience not only enriching but also exciting. If I have missed any tricks of common usage, feel free to mention it.

Update 1: Google keeps on experimenting new ways of searching. If you liked the above tricks then don’t miss out my article which mentions how to use the new search experiments introduced by Google. Believe me, they are brilliant!

Update 2 : Search for your favorite movie information with Google and enjoy it even more. Have fun with the 5 Most Fantastic Movie Search Tricks With Google.

Update 3 : Why not carry out the search for exactly what we are looking for? Get excited for trying out 5 Most Exciting Search Tricks with Google Operators
v

Getting Listed in Google, Yahoo and Bing

Getting listed in Google and the other popular search engines is one of the most effective ways of directing free, targeted traffic to your website.

Below you'll discover what the search engines look for when determining your page rank so you can optimize your pages for best results. This is often called SEO or search engine optimization.

To this day, the marjority of my traffic comes from the major search engines.

How Search Engines Determine Your Rank

Before you try to add your site to the search engines, you should understand what they look for when they decide how to rank your site. Just because you're listed doesn't mean you'll get traffic. You have to make sure your site is search engine ready.

The general rule of thumb is that most engines use a "formula" to determine keyword relevancy. The technical term is called an "algorithm", and each search engine has its own unique algorithm that it uses to rank pages.

Generally, this magic formula consists of your page title, overall body content and the number and quality of links pointing back to your site, how long people stay on your site, etc.

It's important to note that every engine is different. Some may look at inbound links (number of people linking to you), others may place more emphasis on your body content.

You also need to know about meta tags. These are hidden descriptors that appear at the beginning of your HTML code, inside your tag. They may be invisible to your visitor's eyes, but search engine spiders can read them.

They usually consist of a title, description, and keyword tag and they look something like this:

Title of Your Site

Because of abuse, many search engines no longer use these tags to help rank pages, but you should still include them because they do use them to display information about your site.

For example, whatever is inside the tag is what the search engines will use as the title of your site in the search results. You want to use keywords that describe your page and entice visitors to click.</p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">Watch a Video on Adding Meta Tags</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; "><object width="425" height="355"></object></p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">What You Need to Know About SEO</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Don't stress out over the meta tags. You should definitely use them on every page. Just understand that how well you rank depends on how popular your site becomes over time. Watch the video below for more info on how to rank well for competitive keywords.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; "><object width="425" height="344"></object></p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">The Big 3 Engines - Google, Yahoo and Bing (formerly MSN/Live)</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">There are a handful of engines out there that bring traffic, but the reality is a very large percentage of search engine traffic comes from Google, Yahoo and MSN. Yes, there are other engines like AOL, etc, but they pull their results from the Big 3.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">So in other words, once you start getting traffic from Google, Yahoo and MSN, you'll rank well in the others automatically.</p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">How to Get Listed In Google</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">There are three ways to list your site with Google, but I will warn you that using any one of these 3 methods no longer guarantees your site will be listed. </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Google is getting more and more selective about who gets in, and the first step is ensuring that your site is full of useful, unique content. </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">After that, work on getting quality, relevant sites to link back to you. These days those two steps are the best ways to find your site in the almighty Google.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Having said that, here are some methods that may also get you in...</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">1) Get your site listed in The Open Directory - <a target="_blank" href="http://www.dmoz.org/" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">www.dmoz.org</a>. </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">This is a directory that is managed by volunteers that act as "category editors." To list your site, simply go to the most appropriate category for your web site, then drill down to the relevant subcategory and select the "Add URL" link at the top of that category's page.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Wait about a month to see if your site appears. If it does not, I recommend emailing one of the category editors and asking for advice on how to get your site listed. If you're lucky, you'll receive a helpful response, but most of the category managers do not answer emails.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Sometimes it may take up to one year for an editor to review and list your site and other times it may only take a couple of weeks. Be patient and please don't keep submitting! </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Unfortunately since DMOZ is run by volunteers, the time it takes to get your site reviewed really depends on the availability of the volunteers. Sometimes they may not check the submissions for weeks, which can be quite frustrating for people trying to get listed.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Lately, it seems to be more and more difficult to get in, but the good news is this is not the only way to get into Google. Years ago this was one of the fastest ways to get listed and ranked. Fortunately there are other options that are just as effective, and I'll discuss those below.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Warning: Don't try to submit to The Open Directory unless you have enough useful information on your site. If your site is only one or two pages long, then you won't likely get listed. They want medium to large sized web sites with useful and unique content. Strive for at least 15 pages.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">If you need more content, <a target="_blank" href="http://www.articlecity.com/" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">articlecity.com</a> has some free articles you can post on your site. Simply find the category that closely matches your theme and add them. Be careful though, don't use too many articles because the engines may penalize your site if you have too much duplicate content.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">2) The second way to get listed in Google is to use their own Add URL form located here <a target="_blank" href="http://www.google.com/addurl.html" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">http://www.google.com/addurl.html</a>. This method is not as dependable as listing with The Open Directory, but it can get you in. Google admits that they may not add every site, so don't be surprised if this does not work for you.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">3) The third way to get listed is to be linked from another web site that is already in Google. That way, when Google's spider goes to visit that site for updates, it will pick up the link to your site and add it. This method does not always work, but many sites do get in this way. </p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">Getting into Yahoo</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Most websites get into Yahoo and Live by getting spidered from other sites. Meaning if you're already linked from another site or web directory, Live and Yahoo's robots will eventually find you when they update their search index.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">If you don't want to wait to get spidered, you can submit directly to Live by going here<a target="_blank" href="http://search.msn.com/docs/submit.aspx" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">http://search.msn.com/docs/submit.aspx</a>. </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Do not keep re-submitting your site. It will not speed up the process of getting listed and may even get you banned.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Yahoo's direct submission site is <a target="_blank" href="https://siteexplorer.search.yahoo.com/submit" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">https://siteexplorer.search.yahoo.com/submit</a>.</p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">The Yahoo Directory</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Not to be confused with the regular Yahoo search function, the Yahoo directory is also a place you can add your site.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">When you go to Yahoo.com and enter a search into the box, you are using their regular search engine, not the directory. So it is possible to be included in Yahoo's regular search index and not be included in their directory.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">The Yahoo directory is actually a categorical listing of sites located here<a target="_blank" href="http://dir.yahoo.com/" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">http://dir.yahoo.com</a> and it's not used very much by web surfers. </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">The real benefit to being listed here is to have a high quality link pointing to your site. Many search engines look at <i>who</i> is linking to you and if you have a link from the Yahoo directory, it may give you some "credibility" points.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Some believe that having a listing in the directory will help boost your rank in Google and other engines. There is no solid proof of this, however. Yahoo also states that if you are listed in their directory, it does not have any affect on your position in their regular search results.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">If your site is commercial it will cost you $299 per year to be included in Yahoo's directory. So if you can justify/afford the cost, I would still recommend getting into Yahoo just to have the high-quality link pointing to your site - but don't expect a lot of traffic from the actual page you'll be listed on.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">It's up to you to decide if it's worth it or not. Many webmasters do quite well in the "Big 3" search engines without a listing in the Yahoo directory.</p><h2 style="font-family: Verdana, Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; color: rgb(100, 67, 34); padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 28px; ">A Powerful Search Engine Traffic Generation Tool</h2><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">If you're building a money making website then free<a target="_blank" href="http://website.sitesell.com/buildit" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; "><img height="120" alt="Learn how to increase your search engine rank using Site Build It" hspace="3" src="http://www.2createawebsite.com/images/sitebuildit.gif" width="120" align="right" vspace="3" border="0" /></a> search engine traffic is an absolute must. It's the reason my sites became successful, and ultimately the reason I was able to quit my job.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Site Build It is a great choice if you want to learn the right ways to master the major engines. </p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">It's only getting tougher out here to master Google (and other engine's) algorithm and so many people are doing it wrong as they sit and wonder why they can't find their site in the results. SBI ensures you do it <u>right</u> without wasting money in the process.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">I can say this with confidence because I use it now. I bought it to see if the hype over SBI was worth it. After 11 months, my other website,<a target="_blank" href="http://www.flat-stomach-exercises.com/" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; "><nobr>www.flat-stomach-exercises.com</nobr></a>, earned $700 per month in <a href="http://www.2createawebsite.com/money/google-adsense.html" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">Adsense</a> income alone, and 90% the traffic comes from Google.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">At the time I'm writing this, I'm ranked on the first page for the keyword phrases <i>flat stomach</i> and <i>ab crunches</i>.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">SBI actually coaches me as I build every page to make sure it's completely optimized for the best possible results in the search engines. Then it automatically submits your pages ONLY when necessary.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Now, when I say "coach", I don't mean they teach how to "trick" or "cheat" the search engines. You will learn how to build content-focused pages that search engines will love for the long haul.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">It amazes me when I hear of big businesses and dot com start-ups spending<u>thousands of dollars a month</u> on advertising while first-time web site builders are getting more traffic, just from using a web host like SBI.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; "><strong>Read this next paragraph carefully . . . </strong></p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Over <i>half </i>of SBI customers rank within the top 3% visited web sites on the net because of their excellent search engine rankings. There are over 56 million web sites on the Internet right now, and to say that over half of their customer base ranks in the top 3% for traffic says a heck of a lot about this tool.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; "><a target="_blank" href="http://website.sitesell.com/results" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">See for yourself</a>.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">Let's not forget who's benefiting from SBI. There are sites created by stay-at-home moms, retired school teachers, aspiring entrepreneurs, full-time workers looking for part-time income, etc. Most of these people who are succeeding with SBI have no previous website building experience whatsoever.</p><p style="padding-top: 3px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 3px; padding-left: 0px; margin-top: 3px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 3px; margin-left: 0px; line-height: 18px; font-size: 14px; ">I wouldn't recommend SBI if I didn't use it myself. And I'm not the only one with a success story. Check out these customers who have made <a target="_blank" href="http://website.sitesell.com/ilovesbi" style="color: rgb(147, 108, 18); font-weight: bold; ">videos</a> showing how SBI changed their lives.</p></span><span class="fullpost"></span> <div style='clear: both;'></div> </div> <div class='post-footer'> <div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-1'><span class='post-author vcard'> Diposkan oleh <span class='fn'> <a href='http://www.blogger.com/profile/00507741483858808241' rel='author' title='author profile'> Totok Wiryodikoro </a> </span> </span> <span class='post-comment-link'> <a class='comment-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/getting-listed-in-google-yahoo-and-bing.html#comment-form' onclick=''>0 komentar</a> </span> <span class='post-icons'> <span class='item-action'> <a href='http://www.blogger.com/email-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748' title='Email Post'> <img alt='' class='icon-action' height='13' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_email.gif' width='18'/> </a> </span> <span class='item-control blog-admin pid-556439712'> <a href='http://www.blogger.com/post-edit.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748&from=pencil' title='Edit Post'> <img alt='' class='icon-action' height='18' src='http://img2.blogblog.com/img/icon18_edit_allbkg.gif' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='post-share-buttons goog-inline-block'> <a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-email' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748&target=email' target='_blank' title='Email This'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Email This</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-blog' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748&target=blog' onclick='window.open(this.href, "_blank", "height=270,width=475"); return false;' target='_blank' title='BlogThis!'><span class='share-button-link-text'>BlogThis!</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-twitter' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748&target=twitter' target='_blank' title='Share to Twitter'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Twitter</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-facebook' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748&target=facebook' onclick='window.open(this.href, "_blank", "height=430,width=640"); return false;' target='_blank' title='Share to Facebook'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Facebook</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-pinterest' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=641186479964064748&target=pinterest' target='_blank' title='Share to Pinterest'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Pinterest</span></a><div class='goog-inline-block dummy-container'><g:plusone source='blogger:blog:plusone' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/getting-listed-in-google-yahoo-and-bing.html' size='medium' width='300' annotation='inline'/></div> </div> <span class='post-backlinks post-comment-link'> <a class='comment-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/getting-listed-in-google-yahoo-and-bing.html#links'>Link ke posting ini</a> </span> </div> <div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-2'><span class='post-labels'> </span> </div> <div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-3'></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class='post-outer'> <div class='post hentry'> <a name='6059076864551344744'></a> <h3 class='post-title entry-title'> <a href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/bahaya-merokok-bagi-kesehatan_18.html'>Bahaya Merokok Bagi Kesehatan</a> </h3> <div class='post-header'> <div class='post-header-line-1'></div> </div> <div class='post-body entry-content' id='post-body-6059076864551344744'> <div><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Arial, 'Lucida Grande', 'Lucida Sans Unicode', 'Microsoft YaHei', sans-serif; font-size: -webkit-xxx-large; color: rgb(36, 38, 38); line-height: 20px; "><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size:13px;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; ">Setiap kali menghirup asap rokok, entah sengaja atau tidak, berarti juga mengisap lebih dari 4.000 macam racun! Karena itulah, merokok sama dengan memasukkan racun-racun tadi ke dalam rongga mulut dan tentunya paru-paru. Merokok mengganggu kesehatan, kenyataan ini tidak dapat kita mungkiri. Banyak penyakit telah terbukti menjadi akibat buruk merokok, baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung. Kebiasaan merokok bukan saja merugikan si perokok, tetapi juga bagi orang di sekitarnya.</span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; ">Saat ini jumlah perokok, terutama perokok remaja terus bertambah, khususnya di negara-negara berkembang. Keadaan ini merupakan tantangan berat bagi upaya peningkatan derajat kesehatan masyarakat. Bahkan organisasi kesehatan sedunia (WHO) telah memberikan peringatan bahwa dalam dekade 2020-2030 tembakau akan membunuh 10 juta orang per tahun, 70% di antaranya terjadi di negara-negara berkembang.<span id="more-3" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color:initial;"></span></span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; ">Melalui resolusi tahun 1983, Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) telah menetapkan tanggal 31 Mei sebagai Hari Bebas Tembakau Sedunia setiap tahun.</span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><a href="http://bahayamerokok.com/" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; text-decoration: none; color: rgb(0, 77, 153); "><strong style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(46, 46, 46); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; ">Bahaya merokok</span></strong></a><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; "> terhadap kesehatan tubuh telah diteliti dan dibuktikan oleh banyak orang. Efek-efek yang merugikan akibat merokok pun sudah diketahui dengan jelas. Banyak penelitian membuktikan bahwa kebiasaan merokok meningkatkan risiko timbulnya berbagai penyakit. Seperti penyakit jantung dan gangguan pembuluh darah, kanker paru-paru, kanker rongga mulut, kanker laring, kanker osefagus, bronkhitis, tekanan darah tinggi, impotensi, serta gangguan kehamilan dan cacat pada janin.</span></p></span></div><a onblur="try {parent.deselectBloggerImageGracefully();} catch(e) {}" href="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_J1Kod86JpYI/TQzVNtLKaJI/AAAAAAAAAFE/oQH74IE70fE/s1600/bahaya_rokok.jpg"><img style="display:block; margin:0px auto 10px; text-align:center;cursor:pointer; cursor:hand;width: 320px; height: 183px;" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_J1Kod86JpYI/TQzVNtLKaJI/AAAAAAAAAFE/oQH74IE70fE/s320/bahaya_rokok.jpg" border="0" alt="" id="BLOGGER_PHOTO_ID_5552046872082409618" /></a><span class="Apple-style-span" style="color: rgb(36, 38, 38); line-height: 20px; font-family:'Helvetica Neue', Arial, 'Lucida Grande', 'Lucida Sans Unicode', 'Microsoft YaHei', sans-serif;font-size:13px;"><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size:13px;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; "><br /></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size:13px;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small; ">Penelitian terbaru juga menunjukkan adanya bahaya dari secondhand-smoke, yaitu asap rokok yang terhirup oleh orang-orang bukan perokok karena berada di sekitar perokok, atau biasa disebut juga dengan perokok pasif.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size:13px;"><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">ZAT KIMIA</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size:13px;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Rokok tentu tidak dapat dipisahkan dari bahan baku pembuatannya, yakni tembakau. Di Indonesia, tembakau ditambah cengkih dan bahan-bahan lain dicampur untuk dibuat rokok kretek. Selain kretek, tembakau juga dapat digunakan sebagai rokok linting, rokok putih, cerutu, rokok pipa, dan tembakau tanpa asap (chewing tobacco atau tembakau kunyah).</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size:13px;"><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Komponen gas asap rokok adalah karbon monoksida, amoniak, asam hidrosianat, nitrogen oksida, dan formaldehid. Partikelnya berupa tar, indol, nikotin, karbarzol, dan kresol. Zat-zat ini beracun, mengiritasi, dan menimbulkan kanker (karsinogen).</span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">NIKOTIN</span></span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Zat yang paling sering dibicarakan dan diteliti orang, meracuni saraf tubuh, meningkatkan tekanan darah, menimbulkan penyempitan pembuluh darah tepi, dan menyebabkan ketagihan dan ketergantungan pada pemakainya. Kadar nikotin 4-6 mg yang diisap oleh orang dewasa setiap hari sudah bisa membuat seseorang ketagihan. Di Amerika Serikat, rokok putih yang beredar di pasaran memiliki kadar 8-10 mg nikotin per batang, sementara di Indonesia berkadar nikotin 17 mg per batang.</span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">TIMAH HITAM (Pb)</span></span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Timah hitam yang dihasilkan oleh sebatang rokok sebanyak 0,5 ug. Sebungkus rokok (isi 20 batang) yang habis diisap dalam satu hari akan menghasilkan 10 ug. Sementara ambang batas bahaya timah hitam yang masuk ke dalam tubuh adalah 20 ug per hari. Bisa dibayangkan, bila seorang perokok berat menghisap rata-rata 2 bungkus rokok per hari, berapa banyak zat berbahaya ini masuk ke dalam tubuh!</span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">GAS KARBONMONOKSIDA (CO)</span></span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Karbon Monoksida memiliki kecenderungan yang kuat untuk berikatan dengan hemoglobin dalam sel-sel darah merah. Seharusnya, hemoglobin ini berikatan dengan oksigen yang sangat penting untuk pernapasan sel-sel tubuh, tapi karena gas CO lebih kuat daripada oksigen, maka gas CO ini merebut tempatnya “di sisi” hemoglobin. Jadilah, hemoglobin bergandengan dengan gas CO. Kadar gas CO dalam darah bukan perokok kurang dari 1 persen, sementara dalam darah perokok mencapai 4 – 15 persen. Berlipat-lipat!</span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">TAR</span></span></p><p size="13px" style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Tar adalah kumpulan dari beribu-ribu bahan kimia dalam komponen padat asap rokok, dan bersifat karsinogen. Pada saat rokok dihisap, tar masuk ke dalam rongga mulut sebagai uap padat. Setelah dingin, akan menjadi padat dan membentuk endapan berwarna cokelat pada permukaan gigi, saluran pernapasan, dan paru-paru. Pengendapan ini bervariasi antara 3-40 mg per batang rokok, sementara kadar tar dalam rokok berkisar 24 – 45 mg.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">DAMPAK PARU-PARU</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Merokok dapat menyebabkan perubahan struktur dan fungsi saluran napas dan jaringan paru-paru. Pada saluran napas besar, sel mukosa membesar (hipertrofi) dan kelenjar mucus bertambah banyak (hiperplasia). Pada saluran napas kecil, terjadi radang ringan hingga penyempitan akibat bertambahnya sel dan penumpukan lendir. Pada jaringan paru-paru, terjadi peningkatan jumlah sel radang dan kerusakan alveoli.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Akibat perubahan anatomi saluran napas, pada perokok akan timbul perubahan pada fungsi paru-paru dengan segala macam gejala klinisnya. Hal ini menjadi dasar utama terjadinya penyakit obstruksi paru menahun (PPOM). Dikatakan merokok merupakan penyebab utama timbulnya PPOM, termasuk emfisema paru-paru, bronkitis kronis, dan asma.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Hubungan antara merokok dan kanker paru-paru telah diteliti dalam 4-5 dekade terakhir ini. Didapatkan hubungan erat antara kebiasaan merokok, terutama sigaret, dengan timbulnya kanker paru-paru. Bahkan ada yang secara tegas menyatakan bahwa rokok sebagai penyebab utama terjadinya kanker paru-paru.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Partikel asap rokok, seperti benzopiren, dibenzopiren, dan uretan, dikenal sebagai bahan karsinogen. Juga tar berhubungan dengan risiko terjadinya kanker. Dibandingkan dengan bukan perokok, kemungkinan timbul kanker paru-paru pada perokok mencapai 10-30 kali lebih sering.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">DAMPAK TERHADAP JANTUNG</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Banyak penelitian telah membuktikan adanya hubungan merokok dengan penyakit jantung koroner (PJK). Dari 11 juta kematian per tahun di negara industri maju, WHO melaporkan lebih dari setengah (6 juta) disebabkan gangguan sirkulasi darah, di mana 2,5 juta adalah penyakit jantung koroner dan 1,5 juta adalah stroke. Survei Depkes RI tahun 1986 dan 1992, mendapatkan peningkatan kematian akibat penyakit jantung dari 9,7 persen (peringkat ketiga) menjadi 16 persen (peringkat pertama).</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Merokok menjadi faktor utama penyebab penyakit pembuluh darah jantung tersebut. Bukan hanya menyebabkan penyakit jantung koroner, merokok juga berakibat buruk bagi pembuluh darah otak dan perifer.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Asap yang diembuskan para perokok dapat dibagi atas asap utama (main stream smoke) dan asap samping (side stream smoke). Asap utama merupakan asap tembakau yang dihirup langsung oleh perokok, sedangkan asap samping merupakan asap tembakau yang disebarkan ke udara bebas, yang akan dihirup oleh orang lain atau perokok pasif.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Telah ditemukan 4.000 jenis bahan kimia dalam rokok, dengan 40 jenis di antaranya bersifat karsinogenik (dapat menyebabkan kanker), di mana bahan racun ini lebih banyak didapatkan pada asap samping, misalnya karbon monoksida (CO) 5 kali lipat lebih banyak ditemukan pada asap samping daripada asap utama, benzopiren 3 kali, dan amoniak 50 kali. Bahan-bahan ini dapat bertahan sampai beberapa jam lamanya dalam ruang setelah rokok berhenti.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Umumnya fokus penelitian ditujukan pada peranan nikotin dan CO. Kedua bahan ini, selain meningkatkan kebutuhan oksigen, juga mengganggu suplai oksigen ke otot jantung (miokard) sehingga merugikan kerja miokard.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Nikotin mengganggu sistem saraf simpatis dengan akibat meningkatnya kebutuhan oksigen miokard. Selain menyebabkan ketagihan merokok, nikotin juga merangsang pelepasan adrenalin, meningkatkan frekuensi denyut jantung, tekanan darah, kebutuhan oksigen jantung, serta menyebabkan gangguan irama jantung. Nikotin juga mengganggu kerja saraf, otak, dan banyak bagian tubuh lainnya. Nikotin mengaktifkan trombosit dengan akibat timbulnya adhesi trombosit (penggumpalan) ke dinding pembuluh darah.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Karbon monoksida menimbulkan desaturasi hemoglobin, menurunkan langsung persediaan oksigen untuk jaringan seluruh tubuh termasuk miokard. CO menggantikan tempat oksigen di hemoglobin, mengganggu pelepasan oksigen, dan mempercepat aterosklerosis (pengapuran/penebalan dinding pembuluh darah). Dengan demikian, CO menurunkan kapasitas latihan fisik, meningkatkan viskositas darah, sehingga mempermudah penggumpalan darah.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Nikotin, CO, dan bahan-bahan lain dalam asap rokok terbukti merusak endotel (dinding dalam pembuluh darah), dan mempermudah timbulnya penggumpalan darah. Di samping itu, asap rokok mempengaruhi profil lemak. Dibandingkan dengan bukan perokok, kadar kolesterol total, kolesterol LDL, dan trigliserida darah perokok lebih tinggi, sedangkan kolesterol HDL lebih rendah.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Merokok terbukti merupakan faktor risiko terbesar untuk mati mendadak.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Risiko terjadinya penyakit jantung koroner meningkat 2-4 kali pada perokok dibandingkan dengan bukan perokok. Risiko ini meningkat dengan bertambahnya usia dan jumlah rokok yang diisap. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor risiko merokok bekerja sinergis dengan faktor-faktor lain, seperti hipertensi, kadar lemak atau gula darah yang tinggi, terhadap tercetusnya PJK.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Perlu diketahui bahwa risiko kematian akibat penyakit jantung koroner berkurang dengan 50 persen pada tahun pertama sesudah rokok dihentikan. Akibat penggumpalan (trombosis) dan pengapuran (aterosklerosis) dinding pembuluh darah, merokok jelas akan merusak pembuluh darah perifer.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">PPDP yang melibatkan pembuluh darah arteri dan vena di tungkai bawah atau tangan sering ditemukan pada dewasa muda perokok berat, sering akan berakhir dengan amputasi.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">PENYAKIT (STROKE)</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Penyumbatan pembuluh darah otak yang bersifat mendadak atau stroke banyak dikaitkan dengan merokok. Risiko stroke dan risiko kematian lebih tinggi pada perokok dibandingkan dengan bukan perokok.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Dalam penelitian yang dilakukan di Amerika Serikat dan Inggris, didapatkan kebiasaan merokok memperbesar kemungkinan timbulnya AIDS pada pengidap HIV. Pada kelompok perokok, AIDS timbul rata-rata dalam 8,17 bulan, sedangkan pada kelompok bukan perokok timbul setelah 14,5 bulan. Penurunan kekebalan tubuh pada perokok menjadi pencetus lebih mudahnya terkena AIDS sehingga berhenti merokok penting sekali dalam langkah pertahanan melawan AIDS.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Kini makin banyak diteliti dan dilaporkan pengaruh buruk merokok pada ibu hamil, impotensi, menurunnya kekebalan individu, termasuk pada pengidap virus hepatitis, kanker saluran cerna, dan lain-lain. Dari sudut ekonomi kesehatan, dampak penyakit yang timbul akibat merokok jelas akan menambah biaya yang dikeluarkan, baik bagi individu, keluarga, perusahaan, bahkan negara.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Penyakit-penyakit yang timbul akibat merokok mempengaruhi penyediaan tenaga kerja, terutama tenaga terampil atau tenaga eksekutif, dengan kematian mendadak atau kelumpuhan yang timbul jelas menimbulkan kerugian besar bagi perusahaan. Penurunan produktivitas tenaga kerja menimbulkan penurunan pendapatan perusahaan, juga beban ekonomi yang tidak sedikit bagi individu dan keluarga. Pengeluaran untuk biaya kesehatan meningkat, bagi keluarga, perusahaan, maupun pemerintah.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">KEBIASAAN MEROKOK</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Sudah seharusnya upaya menghentikan kebiasaan merokok menjadi tugas dan tanggung jawab dari segenap lapisan masyarakat. Usaha penerangan dan penyuluhan, khususnya di kalangan generasi muda, dapat pula dikaitkan dengan usaha penanggulangan bahaya narkotika, usaha kesehatan sekolah, dan penyuluhan kesehatan masyarakat pada umumnya.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Tokoh-tokoh panutan masyarakat, termasuk para pejabat, pemimpin agama, guru, petugas kesehatan, artis, dan olahragawan, sudah sepatutnya menjadi teladan dengan tidak merokok. Perlu pula pembatasan kesempatan merokok di tempat-tempat umum, sekolah, kendaraan umum, dan tempat kerja; pengaturan dan penertiban iklan promosi rokok; memasang peringatan kesehatan pada bungkus rokok dan iklan rokok.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Iklim tidak merokok harus diciptakan. Ini harus dilaksanakan serempak oleh kita semua, yang menginginkan tercapainya negara dan bangsa Indonesia yang sehat dan makmur.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">GERBANG NARKOBA</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Akibat kronik yang paling gawat dari penggunaan nikotin adalah ketergantungan. Sekali seseorang menjadi perokok, akan sulit mengakhiri kebiasaan itu baik secara fisik maupun psikologis. Merokok menjadi sebuah kebiasaan yang kompulsif, dimulai dengan upacara menyalakan rokok dan menghembuskan asap yang dilakukan berulang-ulang.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Karena sifat adiktifnya (membuat seseorang menjadi ketagihan) rokok dalam Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV) dikelompokkan menjadi Nicotine Related Disorders. Sedangkan WHO menggolongkannya sebagai bentuk ketagihan. Proses farmakologis dan perilaku yang menentukan ketagihan tembakau sama dengan proses yang menimbulkan ketagihan pada obat, seperti heroin dan kokain.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Nikotin mempunyai sifat mempengaruhi dopamin otak dengan proses yang sama seperti obat-obatan tersebut. Dalam urutan sifat ketagihan zat psikoaktif, nikotin lebih menimbulkan ketagihan dibanding heroin, kokain, alkohol, kafein dan marijuana. Menurut Flemming, Glyn dan Ershler merokok merupakan tingkatan awal untuk menjadi penyalahguna obat-obatan (drug abuse). Mencoba merokok secara signifikan membuka peluang penggunaan obat-obatan terlarang di masa yang akan datang.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Berdasarkan data epidemiologi diketahui kurang lebih 20% dari perokok memiliki risiko delapan kali menjadi penyalahguna NAPZA, dan berisiko sebelas kali untuk menjadi peminum berat dibandingkan dengan mereka yang tidak merokok. Perhatian khusus mengenai masalah ini dikaitkan dengan meningkatnya jumlah perokok remaja.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Menangani masalah kebiasaan merokok pada remaja diharapkan dapat mencegah masalah yang akan timbul dikemudian hari berkaitan kebiasaan tersebut, salah satunya adalah pencegahan penyalahgunaan narkoba. Menurut Teddy Hidayat, Spesialis Kedokteran Jiwa, Remaja yang berisiko tinggi adalah remaja-remaja yang memiliki sifat pemuasaan segera, kurang mampu menunda keinginan, merasa kosong dan mudah bosan, mudah cemas, gelisah, dan depresif.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Pemahaman tentang kebiasaan merokok dan kecenderungan sifat kepribadian seseorang akan sangat membantu upaya menghentikan kebiasaan yang merugikan tersebut. Untuk pencegahan kebiasaan merokok pada anak-anak dan remaja. Orang tua serta guru memegang peranan besar untuk mengawasi, memberikan informasi yang benar dan yang terpenting tidak menjadi contoh perilaku individu yang ketagihan kebiasaan merokok.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">GANGGU KESEHATAN JIWA</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Merokok berkaitan erat dengan disabilitas dan penurunan kualitas hidup. Dalam sebuah penelitian di Jerman sejak tahun 1997-1999 yang melibatkan 4.181 responden, disimpulkan bahwa responden yang memilki ketergantungan nikotin memiliki kualitas hidup yang lebih buruk, dan hampir 50% dari responden perokok memiliki setidaknya satu jenis gangguan kejiwaan. Selain itu diketahui pula bahwa pasien gangguan jiwa cenderung lebih sering menjadi perokok, yaitu pada 50% penderita gangguan jiwa, 70% pasien maniakal yang berobat rawat jalan dan 90% dari pasien-pasien skizrofen yang berobat jalan.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Berdasaran penelitian dari CASA (Columbian University`s National Center On Addiction and Substance Abuse), remaja perokok memiliki risiko dua kali lipat mengalami gejala-gejala depresi dibandingkan remaja yang tidak merokok. Para perokok aktif pun tampaknya lebih sering mengalami serangan panik dari pada mereka yang tidak merokok Banyak penelitian yang membuktikan bahwa merokok dan depresi merupakan suatu hubungan yang saling berkaitan. Depresi menyebabkan seseorang merokok dan para perokok biasanya memiliki gejala-gejala depresi dan kecemasan (ansietas).</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Sebagian besar penderita depresi mengaku pernah merokok di dalam hidupnya. Riwayat adanya depresi pun berkaitan dengan ada tidaknya gejala putus obat (withdrawal) terhadap nikotin saat seseorang memutuskan berhenti merokok. Sebanyak 75% penderita depresi yang mencoba berhenti merokok mengalami gejala putus obat tersebut. Hal ini tentunya berkaitan dengan meningkatnya angka kegagalan usaha berhenti merokok dan relaps pada penderita depresi.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Selain itu, gejala putus zat nikotin mirip dengan gejala depresi. Namun, dilaporkan bahwa gejala putus obat yang dialami oleh pasien depresi lebih bersifat gejala fisik misalnya berkurangnya konsentrasi, gangguan tidur, rasa lelah dan peningkatan berat badan).</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Nikotin sebagai obat gangguan kejiwaan Merokok sebagai salah satu bentuk terapi untuk gangguan kejiwaan masih menjadi perdebatan yang kontroversial. Gangguan kejiwaan dapat menyebabkan seseorang untuk merokok dan merokok dapat menyebabkan gangguan kejiwaan, walau jumlahnya sangat sedikit, sekitar 70% perokok tidak memiliki gejala gangguan jiwa.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Secara umum merokok dapat menyebabkan peningkatan konsentrasi, menekan rasa lapar, menekan kecemasan, dan depresi. Dalam beberapa penelitian nikotin terbukti efektif untuk pengobatan depresi. Pada dasarnya nikotin memberikan peluang yang menjanjikan untuk digunakan sebagai obat psikoaktif. Namun nikotin memiliki terapheutic index yang sangat sempit, sehingga rentang antara dosis yang tepat untuk terapi dan dosis yang bersifat toksis sangatlah sempit.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Sehingga dipikirkan suatu bentuk pemberian nikotin tidak dalam bentuk murni tetapi dalam bentuk analognya. Namun, kerangka pemikiran pemberian nikotin sebagai obat tidaklah dalam bentuk kebiasaan merokok. Seperti halnya morfin yang digunakan sebagai obat analgesik kuat (penahan rasa sakit), pemberiannya harus dalam pengawasan dokter. Gawatnya, saat ini nikotin bisa didapatkan dengan bebas dan mudah dalam sebatang rokok, hal ini perlu diwaspadai karena kebiasaan merokok tidak lantas menjadi sebuah pembenaran untuk pengobatan gejala gangguan kejiwaan.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">SISTIM REPRODUKSI</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Studi tentang rokok dan reproduksi yang dilakukan sepanjang 2 dekade itu berkesimpulan bahwa merokok dapat menyebabkan rusaknya sistim reproduksi seseorang mulai dari masa pubertas sampai usia dewasa</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Pada penelitian yang dilakukan Dr. Sinead Jones, direktur The British Medical Assosiation’s Tobacco Control Resource Centre, ditemukan bahwa wanita yang merokok memiliki kemungkinan relatif lebih kecil untuk mendapatkan keturunan.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">pria akan mengalami 2 kali resiko terjadi infertil (tidak subur) serta mengalami resiko kerusakan DNA pada sel spermanya. Sedangkan hasil penelitian pada wanita hamil terjadi peningkatan insiden keguguran. Penelitian tersebut mengatakan dari 3000 sampai 5000 kejadian keguguran per tahun di Inggris, berhubungan erat dengan merokok.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">120.000 pria di Inggris yang berusia antara 30 sampai50 tahun mengalami impotensi akibat merokok. Lebih buruk lagi, rokok berimplikasi terhadap 1200 kasus kanker rahim per tahunnya.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">WANITA MEROKOK, MENOPAUSE DINI</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Perempuan yang merokok sangat mungkin untuk mulai memasuki masa menopause sebelum usia 45 tahun dan juga membuat mereka menghadapi resiko osteoporosis dan serangan jantung, demikian laporan beberapa peneliti Norwegia.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">“Di antara sebanyak 2.123 perempuan yang berusia 59 sampai 60 tahun, mereka yang saat ini merokok, 59% lebih mungkin mengalami menopause dini dibandingkan dengan perempuan yang tidak merokok,” kata Dr. Thea F. Mikkelsen dari University of Oslo dan rekannya.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Bagi perokok paling berat, resiko menopause dini hampir dua kali lipat. Namun, perempuan yang dulunya merokok, tapi berhenti setidaknya 10 tahun sebelum menopause, pada dasarnya kurang mungkin untuk berhenti menstruasi dibandingkan dengan perokok sebelum usia 45 tahun.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Ada bukti bahwa merokok belakangan dalam kehidupan membuat seorang perempuan lebih mungkin untuk mengalami menopause dini, sedangkan perokok yang berhenti sebelum berusia setengah baya mungkin tak terpengaruh, kata Mikkelsen dan timnya di dalam jurnal Online, BMC Public Health.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Mereka meneliti hubungan lebih lanjut dan menetapkan apakah menjadi perokok pasif juga mungkin mempengaruhi waktu menopause. Para peneliti tersebut mendapati bahwa hampir 10% perempuan memasuki menopause sebelum usia 45 tahun.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(255, 0, 0); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH</span></span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Menurut Menkessos, pertumbuhan yang sangat cepat ini membuat Indonesia diperkirakan akan mencapai rekor, terutama dengan berbagai masalah kesehatan yang cukup berat, di antaranya berkaitan dengan rokok. Sementara itu diakui Menkessos, larangan membatasi aktivitas merokok di tempat umum masih belum bisa dilakukan lebih tegas.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Meski PP nomor 81/1999 yang diperbarui dengan PP 38/2000 tentang Pengamanan Rokok bagi Kesehatan sudah diberlakukan, tetapi diakui pula, law enforcement-nya belum ada sehingga belum memiliki kekuatan.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">detikcomTingginya target penerimaan negara dari cukai rokok yang mencapai Rp 17 triliun pada anggaran 2001 dinilai telah menyebabkan pemerintah tidak konsisten menegakkan PP No.38/2000 tentang pengamanan rokok bagi kesehatan.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Komisi VII DPR mendesak untuk mengatur masalah rokok itu dibuat dalam bentuk UU, sehingga masyarakat akan mempunyai posisi tawar yang cukup kuat. Disamping itu, DPR akan dapat melakukan pengawasan yang ketat terhadap pemerintah maupun industri rokok.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">Badan Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) akan menindak tegas perusahaan rokok yang menayangkan iklan rokok di media elektronik di bawah pukul 21:30 waktu setempat. “Bila teguran ini tidak diindahkan, BPOM akan melakukan upaya hukum sesuai dengan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku,” tegasnya. Iklan rokok yang melanggar ketentuan PP No.81 tahun 1999 tentang Pengamanan Rokok Bagi Kesehatan dan PP No.38 tahun 2000 tentang Perubahan Atas PP no 81 tahun 1999 akan dikenakan pidana penjara paling lama lima tahun dan atau pidana denda paling banyak Rp100 juta. Penerimaan cukai rokok pada tahun 2000 mencapai Rp 10,27 triliun, sedangkan belanja kesehatan akibat merokok sesuai data dari Ditjen POM Depkes pada tahun yang sama mencapai Rp 11 triliun.</span></p><p style="border-top-width: 0px; border-right-width: 0px; border-bottom-width: 0px; border-left-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 9px; margin-left: 0px; outline-width: 0px; outline-style: initial; outline-color: initial; padding-top: 0px; padding-right: 0px; padding-bottom: 0px; padding-left: 0px; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); "><span class="Apple-style-span" style="font-size: small;">suber: dari berbagai sumber.</span></p></span><span class="fullpost"></span> <div style='clear: both;'></div> </div> <div class='post-footer'> <div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-1'><span class='post-author vcard'> Diposkan oleh <span class='fn'> <a href='http://www.blogger.com/profile/00507741483858808241' rel='author' title='author profile'> Totok Wiryodikoro </a> </span> </span> <span class='post-comment-link'> <a class='comment-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/bahaya-merokok-bagi-kesehatan_18.html#comment-form' onclick=''>0 komentar</a> </span> <span class='post-icons'> <span class='item-action'> <a href='http://www.blogger.com/email-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744' title='Email Post'> <img alt='' class='icon-action' height='13' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_email.gif' width='18'/> </a> </span> <span class='item-control blog-admin pid-556439712'> <a href='http://www.blogger.com/post-edit.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744&from=pencil' title='Edit Post'> <img alt='' class='icon-action' height='18' src='http://img2.blogblog.com/img/icon18_edit_allbkg.gif' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='post-share-buttons goog-inline-block'> <a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-email' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744&target=email' target='_blank' title='Email This'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Email This</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-blog' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744&target=blog' onclick='window.open(this.href, "_blank", "height=270,width=475"); return false;' target='_blank' title='BlogThis!'><span class='share-button-link-text'>BlogThis!</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-twitter' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744&target=twitter' target='_blank' title='Share to Twitter'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Twitter</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-facebook' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744&target=facebook' onclick='window.open(this.href, "_blank", "height=430,width=640"); return false;' target='_blank' title='Share to Facebook'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Facebook</span></a><a class='goog-inline-block share-button sb-pinterest' href='http://www.blogger.com/share-post.g?blogID=1858484884879598041&postID=6059076864551344744&target=pinterest' target='_blank' title='Share to Pinterest'><span class='share-button-link-text'>Share to Pinterest</span></a><div class='goog-inline-block dummy-container'><g:plusone source='blogger:blog:plusone' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/bahaya-merokok-bagi-kesehatan_18.html' size='medium' width='300' annotation='inline'/></div> </div> <span class='post-backlinks post-comment-link'> <a class='comment-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010/12/bahaya-merokok-bagi-kesehatan_18.html#links'>Link ke posting ini</a> </span> </div> <div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-2'><span class='post-labels'> Label: <a href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Kesehatan' rel='tag'>Kesehatan</a> </span> </div> <div class='post-footer-line post-footer-line-3'></div> </div> </div> </div> </div></div> <!-- google_ad_section_end --> </div> <div class='blog-pager' id='blog-pager'> <span id='blog-pager-newer-link'> <a class='blog-pager-newer-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2011-12-31T11:52:00%2B07:00&max-results=5&reverse-paginate=true' id='Blog1_blog-pager-newer-link' title='Newer Posts'>Newer Posts</a> </span> <span id='blog-pager-older-link'> <a class='blog-pager-older-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search?updated-max=2010-12-18T22:34:00%2B07:00&max-results=5' id='Blog1_blog-pager-older-link' title='Older Posts'>Older Posts</a> </span> <a class='home-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/'>Home</a> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <div class='blog-feeds'> <div class='feed-links'> Subscribe to: <a class='feed-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default' target='_blank' type='application/atom+xml'>Posts (Atom)</a> </div> </div> <script type="text/javascript">window.___gcfg = {'lang': 'en'};</script> </div></div> </div> </div> <div class='column-left-outer'> <div class='column-left-inner'> <aside> <div class='sidebar section' id='sidebar-left-1'><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML1'> <div class='widget-content'> <script src="http://www.clocklink.com/embed.js"></script><script type="text/javascript" language="JavaScript">obj=new Object;obj.clockfile="5030-green.swf";obj.TimeZone="JOG";obj.width=85;obj.height=100;obj.TimeFormat="hh:mm:ss TT";obj.wmode="transparent";showClock(obj);</script> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-left-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML1"));' target='configHTML1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div><div class='widget Label' id='Label1'> <h2>Categories</h2> <div class='widget-content list-label-widget-content'> <ul> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Fotografi'>Fotografi</a> <span dir='ltr'>(1)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Games'>Games</a> <span dir='ltr'>(2)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Islam'>Islam</a> <span dir='ltr'>(14)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Jaringan'>Jaringan</a> <span dir='ltr'>(3)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Kesehatan'>Kesehatan</a> <span dir='ltr'>(5)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Komputer'>Komputer</a> <span dir='ltr'>(4)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/SEO'>SEO</a> <span dir='ltr'>(1)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Tips%20dan%20Trik'>Tips dan Trik</a> <span dir='ltr'>(9)</span> </li> <li> <a dir='ltr' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search/label/Yogyakarta'>Yogyakarta</a> <span dir='ltr'>(4)</span> </li> </ul> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=Label&widgetId=Label1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-left-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("Label1"));' target='configLabel1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div><div class='widget BlogList' id='BlogList1'> <h2 class='title'>My Blog List</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <div class='blog-list-container' id='BlogList1_container'> <ul id='BlogList1_blogs'> <li style='display: block;'> <div class='blog-icon'> <img data-lateloadsrc='http://filedotexe.blogspot.com/favicon.ico' height='16' width='16'/> </div> <div class='blog-content'> <div class='blog-title'> <a href='http://filedotexe.blogspot.com/' target='_blank'> FileDotExe</a> </div> <div class='item-content'> <span class='item-title'> <a href='http://filedotexe.blogspot.com/2012/04/active-iso-burner-25.html' target='_blank'> Active@ ISO Burner 2.5</a> </span> <div class='item-time'> 2 years ago </div> </div> </div> <div style='clear: both;'></div> </li> <li style='display: block;'> <div class='blog-icon'> <img data-lateloadsrc='http://kepriwek.blogspot.com/favicon.ico' height='16' width='16'/> </div> <div class='blog-content'> <div class='blog-title'> <a href='http://kepriwek.blogspot.com/' target='_blank'> Bligos Photography</a> </div> <div class='item-content'> <span class='item-title'> <a href='http://kepriwek.blogspot.com/2012/03/tips-memotret-anak-anak.html' target='_blank'> Tips Memotret Anak – Anak</a> </span> <div class='item-time'> 2 years ago </div> </div> </div> <div style='clear: both;'></div> </li> </ul> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=BlogList&widgetId=BlogList1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-left-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("BlogList1"));' target='configBlogList1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div> </div><div class='widget LinkList' id='LinkList1'> <h2>Friends Link</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <ul> <li><a href='http://filedotexe.blogspot.com/'>Free Download Software</a></li> <li><a href='http://kepriwek.blogspot.com/'>Bligos Photography</a></li> </ul> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=LinkList&widgetId=LinkList1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-left-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("LinkList1"));' target='configLinkList1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML3'> <h2 class='title'>Recent Posts</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <script src="http://sites.google.com/site/anasku2000/post-terakhir.js"></script> <script>var numposts = 6; var showpostdate = false; var showpostsummary = false; var numchars = 100; </script> <script src="http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default?orderby=published&alt=json-in-script&callback=rp"> </script> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML3&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-left-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML3"));' target='configHTML3' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div><div class='widget BlogArchive' id='BlogArchive1'> <h2>Archive</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <div id='ArchiveList'> <div id='BlogArchive1_ArchiveList'> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate collapsed'> <a class='toggle' href='javascript:void(0)'> <span class='zippy'> ►  </span> </a> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search?updated-min=2012-01-01T00:00:00%2B07:00&updated-max=2013-01-01T00:00:00%2B07:00&max-results=2'>2012</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(2)</span> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate collapsed'> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2012_01_01_archive.html'>January</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(2)</span> </li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate collapsed'> <a class='toggle' href='javascript:void(0)'> <span class='zippy'> ►  </span> </a> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search?updated-min=2011-01-01T00:00:00%2B07:00&updated-max=2012-01-01T00:00:00%2B07:00&max-results=6'>2011</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(6)</span> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate collapsed'> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2011_12_01_archive.html'>December</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(6)</span> </li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate expanded'> <a class='toggle' href='javascript:void(0)'> <span class='zippy toggle-open'>▼ </span> </a> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/search?updated-min=2010-01-01T00:00:00%2B07:00&updated-max=2011-01-01T00:00:00%2B07:00&max-results=37'>2010</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(37)</span> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate expanded'> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010_12_01_archive.html'>December</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(30)</span> </li> </ul> <ul class='hierarchy'> <li class='archivedate collapsed'> <a class='post-count-link' href='http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010_03_01_archive.html'>March</a> <span class='post-count' dir='ltr'>(7)</span> </li> </ul> </li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=BlogArchive&widgetId=BlogArchive1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-left-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("BlogArchive1"));' target='configBlogArchive1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div></div> </aside> </div> </div> <div class='column-right-outer'> <div class='column-right-inner'> <aside> <div class='sidebar section' id='sidebar-right-1'><div class='widget CustomSearch' id='CustomSearch1'> <h2 class='title'>Search</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <div id='CustomSearch1_form'> <span class='cse-status'>Loading...</span> </div> </div> <style type='text/css'> #uds-searchControl .gs-result .gs-title, #uds-searchControl .gs-result .gs-title *, #uds-searchControl .gsc-results .gsc-trailing-more-results, #uds-searchControl .gsc-results .gsc-trailing-more-results * { color:#2288bb; } #uds-searchControl .gs-result .gs-title a:visited, #uds-searchControl .gs-result .gs-title a:visited * { color:#888888; } #uds-searchControl .gs-relativePublishedDate, #uds-searchControl .gs-publishedDate { color: #999999; } #uds-searchControl .gs-result a.gs-visibleUrl, #uds-searchControl .gs-result .gs-visibleUrl { color: #2288bb; } #uds-searchControl .gsc-results { border-color: #666666; background-color: #ffffff; } #uds-searchControl .gsc-tabhActive { border-color: #666666; border-top-color: #666666; background-color: #ffffff; color: #222222; } #uds-searchControl .gsc-tabhInactive { border-color: #666666; background-color: transparent; color: #2288bb; } #uds-searchClearResults { border-color: #666666; } #uds-searchClearResults:hover { border-color: #666666; } #uds-searchControl .gsc-cursor-page { color: #2288bb; } #uds-searchControl .gsc-cursor-current-page { color: #222222; } </style> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=CustomSearch&widgetId=CustomSearch1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-right-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("CustomSearch1"));' target='configCustomSearch1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML7'> <h2 class='title'>Translator</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <script src="http://www.gmodules.com/ig/ifr?url=http://www.google.com/ig/modules/translatemypage.xml&up_source_language=id&w=160&h=60&title=&border=&output=js"></script> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML7&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-right-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML7"));' target='configHTML7' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML8'> <div class='widget-content'> <center><div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"> <a href="http://filedotexe.blogspot.com/" target="”_blank”"><img alt="" border="0" height="50" src="http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-E8U4genykZM/T30l9F7CB4I/AAAAAAAAAJA/pihF9yzyRoI/s1600/fde.png" /></a></div></center> <script> /** wiryodikoro **/ var sitti_pub_id = "BC0024806"; var sitti_ad_width = "160"; var sitti_ad_height = "200"; var sitti_ad_type = "4"; var sitti_ad_number = "6"; var sitti_ad_name = "wiryodikoro"; var sitti_dep_id = "68541"; </script> <script src="http://stat.sittiad.com/delivery/sittiad.b1.js"></script> <center><a href="http://www.clixsense.com/?3893293"><img src="http://static.clixsense.com/banners/clixsense125x125a.gif" border="0" /></a></center> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML8&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-right-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML8"));' target='configHTML8' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div><div class='widget Followers' id='Followers1'> <h2 class='title'>Pengikut</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <div id='Followers1-wrapper'> <div style='margin-right:2px;'> <script type="text/javascript"> if (!window.google || !google.friendconnect) { document.write('<script type="text/javascript"' + 'src="//www.google.com/friendconnect/script/friendconnect.js">' + '</scr' + 'ipt>'); } </script> <script type="text/javascript"> if (!window.registeredBloggerCallbacks) { window.registeredBloggerCallbacks = true; gadgets.rpc.register('requestReload', function() { document.location.reload(); }); gadgets.rpc.register('requestSignOut', function(siteId) { google.friendconnect.container.openSocialSiteId = siteId; google.friendconnect.requestSignOut(); }); } </script> <script type="text/javascript"> function registerGetBlogUrls() { gadgets.rpc.register('getBlogUrls', function() { var holder = {}; holder.postFeed = "http://www.blogger.com/feeds/1858484884879598041/posts/default"; holder.commentFeed = "http://www.blogger.com/feeds/1858484884879598041/comments/default"; holder.currentBlogUrl = "http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/"; holder.currentBlogId = "1858484884879598041"; return holder; }); } </script> <script type="text/javascript"> if (!window.registeredCommonBloggerCallbacks) { window.registeredCommonBloggerCallbacks = true; gadgets.rpc.register('resize_iframe', function(height) { var el = document.getElementById(this['f']); if (el) { el.style.height = height + 'px'; } }); gadgets.rpc.register('set_pref', function() {}); registerGetBlogUrls(); } </script> <div id="div-1pii5bx059sg2" style="width: 100%; "></div> <script type="text/javascript"> var skin = {}; skin['FACE_SIZE'] = '32'; skin['HEIGHT'] = "260"; skin['TITLE'] = "Pengikut"; skin['BORDER_COLOR'] = "transparent"; skin['ENDCAP_BG_COLOR'] = "transparent"; skin['ENDCAP_TEXT_COLOR'] = "#222222"; skin['ENDCAP_LINK_COLOR'] = "#2288bb"; skin['ALTERNATE_BG_COLOR'] = "transparent"; skin['CONTENT_BG_COLOR'] = "transparent"; skin['CONTENT_LINK_COLOR'] = "#2288bb"; skin['CONTENT_TEXT_COLOR'] = "#222222"; skin['CONTENT_SECONDARY_LINK_COLOR'] = "#2288bb"; skin['CONTENT_SECONDARY_TEXT_COLOR'] = "#999999"; skin['CONTENT_HEADLINE_COLOR'] = "#000000"; skin['FONT_FACE'] = "normal normal 12px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif"; google.friendconnect.container.setParentUrl("/"); google.friendconnect.container["renderMembersGadget"]( {id: "div-1pii5bx059sg2", height: 260, site: "02128386755240274682", locale: 'en' }, skin); </script> </div> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=Followers&widgetId=Followers1&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-right-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("Followers1"));' target='configFollowers1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML6'> <h2 class='title'>Tukeran Link</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <p>Tukaran Link? Copy/paste code HTML berikut ke blog anda</p><a href="http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/" target="_blank"><img alt="Wiryodikoro" src="http://images.cooltext.com/1881768.png" width="90" border="0" height="15" /></a> <p><textarea rows="3" cols="20"><a href="http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com" target="_blank"><img border="0" alt="Wiryodikoro" width="90" src="http://images.cooltext.com/1881768.png" height="15" /></a></textarea></p> <script type="text/javascript">document.write(unescape("%3Cscript src=%27http://s10.histats.com/js15.js%27 type=%27text/javascript%27%3E%3C/script%3E"));</script> <a href="http://www.histats.com" target="_blank" title="simple hit counter" ><script type="text/javascript" > try {Histats.start(1,1907667,4,4007,112,61,"00011101"); Histats.track_hits();} catch(err){}; </script></a> <noscript><a href="http://www.histats.com" target="_blank"><img src="http://sstatic1.histats.com/0.gif?1907667&101" alt="simple hit counter" border="0" /></a></noscript> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML6&action=editWidget§ionId=sidebar-right-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML6"));' target='configHTML6' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div> </aside> </div> </div> </div> <div style='clear: both'></div> <!-- columns --> </div> <!-- main --> </div> </div> <div class='main-cap-bottom cap-bottom'> <div class='cap-left'></div> <div class='cap-right'></div> </div> </div> <footer> <div class='footer-outer'> <div class='footer-cap-top cap-top'> <div class='cap-left'></div> <div class='cap-right'></div> </div> <div class='fauxborder-left footer-fauxborder-left'> <div class='fauxborder-right footer-fauxborder-right'></div> <div class='region-inner footer-inner'> <div class='foot section' id='footer-1'></div> <table border='0' cellpadding='0' cellspacing='0' class='section-columns columns-2'> <tbody> <tr> <td class='first columns-cell'> <div class='foot section' id='footer-2-1'><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML9'> <div class='widget-content'> <a href="http://www.clixsense.com/?3893293"><img src="http://static.clixsense.com/banners/clixsense468x60a.gif" border="0" /></a> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML9&action=editWidget§ionId=footer-2-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML9"));' target='configHTML9' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div><div class='widget HTML' id='HTML5'> <h2 class='title'>Blogroll</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <div style="border: 1px solid rgb(153, 153, 153); overflow: auto; width: 200px; height: 200px; text-align: center; "> <a href="http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com" target="_blank"><img border="0" alt="Wiryodikoro" width="90" src="http://images.cooltext.com/1881768.png" height="15" /></a> <a href="http://onoid.blogspot.com/" target="_blank"><img border="0" src="http://i209.photobucket.com/albums/bb287/yono_pati/tipstrik.gif"/></a> </div> </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=HTML&widgetId=HTML5&action=editWidget§ionId=footer-2-1' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("HTML5"));' target='configHTML5' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div></div> </td> <td class='columns-cell'> <div class='foot section' id='footer-2-2'><div class='widget Stats' id='Stats1'> <h2>Total Pageviews</h2> <div class='widget-content'> <div id='Stats1_content' style='display: none;'> <span class='counter-wrapper graph-counter-wrapper' id='Stats1_totalCount'></span> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=Stats&widgetId=Stats1&action=editWidget§ionId=footer-2-2' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("Stats1"));' target='configStats1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div> </div> </div></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <!-- outside of the include in order to lock Attribution widget --> <div class='foot section' id='footer-3'><div class='widget Attribution' id='Attribution1'> <div class='widget-content' style='text-align: center;'> Copyright @2011 Wiryodikoro. Simple template. Powered by <a href='http://www.blogger.com' target='_blank'>Blogger</a>. </div> <div class='clear'></div> <span class='widget-item-control'> <span class='item-control blog-admin'> <a class='quickedit' href='//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID=1858484884879598041&widgetType=Attribution&widgetId=Attribution1&action=editWidget§ionId=footer-3' onclick='return _WidgetManager._PopupConfig(document.getElementById("Attribution1"));' target='configAttribution1' title='Edit'> <img alt='' height='18' src='http://img1.blogblog.com/img/icon18_wrench_allbkg.png' width='18'/> </a> </span> </span> <div class='clear'></div> </div></div> </div> </div> <div class='footer-cap-bottom cap-bottom'> <div class='cap-left'></div> <div class='cap-right'></div> </div> </div> </footer> <!-- content --> </div> </div> <div class='content-cap-bottom cap-bottom'> <div class='cap-left'></div> <div class='cap-right'></div> </div> </div> </div> <script type='text/javascript'> window.setTimeout(function() { document.body.className = document.body.className.replace('loading', ''); }, 10); </script> <script type='text/javascript'> var infolink_pid = 365905; var infolink_wsid = 0; </script> <script src='http://resources.infolinks.com/js/infolinks_main.js' type='text/javascript'></script> <script type="text/javascript"> if (window.jstiming) window.jstiming.load.tick('widgetJsBefore'); </script><script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.blogger.com/static/v1/widgets/2499618864-widgets.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="//www.google.com/jsapi"></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></script> <script type='text/javascript'> if (typeof(BLOG_attachCsiOnload) != 'undefined' && BLOG_attachCsiOnload != null) { window['blogger_templates_experiment_id'] = "templatesV2";window['blogger_blog_id'] = '1858484884879598041';BLOG_attachCsiOnload('archive_'); }_WidgetManager._Init('//www.blogger.com/rearrange?blogID\x3d1858484884879598041','//wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010_12_01_archive.html','1858484884879598041'); _WidgetManager._SetDataContext([{'name': 'blog', 'data': {'blogId': '1858484884879598041', 'bloggerUrl': 'http://www.blogger.com', 'title': 'Wiryodikoro', 'pageType': 'archive', 'url': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010_12_01_archive.html', 'canonicalUrl': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/2010_12_01_archive.html', 'canonicalHomepageUrl': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/', 'homepageUrl': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/', 'blogspotFaviconUrl': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/favicon.ico', 'enabledCommentProfileImages': true, 'adultContent': false, 'disableAdSenseWidget': false, 'analyticsAccountNumber': '', 'searchLabel': '', 'searchQuery': '', 'pageName': 'December 2010', 'pageTitle': 'Wiryodikoro: December 2010', 'encoding': 'UTF-8', 'locale': 'en', 'localeUnderscoreDelimited': 'en', 'isPrivate': false, 'isMobile': false, 'isMobileRequest': false, 'mobileClass': '', 'isPrivateBlog': false, 'languageDirection': 'ltr', 'feedLinks': '\74link rel\75\42alternate\42 type\75\42application/atom+xml\42 title\75\42Wiryodikoro - Atom\42 href\75\42http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default\42 /\76\n\74link rel\75\42alternate\42 type\75\42application/rss+xml\42 title\75\42Wiryodikoro - RSS\42 href\75\42http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/feeds/posts/default?alt\75rss\42 /\76\n\74link rel\75\42service.post\42 type\75\42application/atom+xml\42 title\75\42Wiryodikoro - Atom\42 href\75\42http://www.blogger.com/feeds/1858484884879598041/posts/default\42 /\76\n', 'meTag': '', 'openIdOpTag': '', 'latencyHeadScript': '\74script type\75\42text/javascript\42\76(function() { var b\75window,f\75\42chrome\42,g\75\42tick\42,k\75\42jstiming\42;(function(){function d(a){this.t\75{};this.tick\75function(a,d,c){var e\75void 0!\75c?c:(new Date).getTime();this.t[a]\75[e,d];if(void 0\75\75c)try{b.console.timeStamp(\42CSI/\42+a)}catch(h){}};this[g](\42start\42,null,a)}var a;b.performance\46\46(a\75b.performance.timing);var n\75a?new d(a.responseStart):new d;b.jstiming\75{Timer:d,load:n};if(a){var c\75a.navigationStart,h\75a.responseStart;0\74c\46\46h\76\75c\46\46(b[k].srt\75h-c)}if(a){var e\75b[k].load;0\74c\46\46h\76\75c\46\46(e[g](\42_wtsrt\42,void 0,c),e[g](\42wtsrt_\42,\42_wtsrt\42,h),e[g](\42tbsd_\42,\42wtsrt_\42))}try{a\75null,\nb[f]\46\46b[f].csi\46\46(a\75Math.floor(b[f].csi().pageT),e\46\0460\74c\46\46(e[g](\42_tbnd\42,void 0,b[f].csi().startE),e[g](\42tbnd_\42,\42_tbnd\42,c))),null\75\75a\46\46b.gtbExternal\46\46(a\75b.gtbExternal.pageT()),null\75\75a\46\46b.external\46\46(a\75b.external.pageT,e\46\0460\74c\46\46(e[g](\42_tbnd\42,void 0,b.external.startE),e[g](\42tbnd_\42,\42_tbnd\42,c))),a\46\46(b[k].pt\75a)}catch(p){}})();b.tickAboveFold\75function(d){var a\0750;if(d.offsetParent){do a+\75d.offsetTop;while(d\75d.offsetParent)}d\75a;750\76\75d\46\46b[k].load[g](\42aft\42)};var l\75!1;function m(){l||(l\75!0,b[k].load[g](\42firstScrollTime\42))}b.addEventListener?b.addEventListener(\42scroll\42,m,!1):b.attachEvent(\42onscroll\42,m);\n })();\74/script\076', 'mobileHeadScript': '', 'ieCssRetrofitLinks': '\74!--[if IE]\76\74script type\75\42text/javascript\42 src\75\42https://www.blogger.com/static/v1/jsbin/3204238090-ieretrofit.js\42\76\74/script\76\n\74![endif]--\076', 'view': '', 'dynamicViewsCommentsSrc': '//www.blogblog.com/dynamicviews/4224c15c4e7c9321/js/comments.js', 'dynamicViewsScriptSrc': '//www.blogblog.com/dynamicviews/76f25a6f2e06af76', 'plusOneApiSrc': 'https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js', 'sf': 'n'}}, {'name': 'skin', 'data': {'vars': {'content_padding': '10px', 'paging_background': 'transparent none no-repeat scroll top center', 'image_border_small_size': '2px', 'body_background_gradient_cap': 'url(http://www.blogblog.com/1kt/simple/gradients_light.png)', 'tabs_selected_background_color': '#f5f5f5', 'body_rule_color': '#66bbdd', 'header_shadow_spread': '1px', 'header_shadow_offset_left': '-1px', 'header_padding': '30px', 'link_visited_color': '#888888', 'mobile_background_size': 'auto', 'post_title_font': 'normal bold 22px Consolas', 'tabs_text_color': '#741b47', 'date_header_margin': 'inherit', 'header_background_gradient': 'none', 'header_bottom_border_size': '1px', 'content_shadow_spread_webkit': '5px', 'header_shadow_offset_top': '-1px', 'mobile_button_color': '#ffffff', 'widget_title_font': 'normal bold 14px Neuton', 'main_section_margin': '15px', 'keycolor': '#66bbdd', 'content_shadow_spread': '40px', 'image_background_color': '#ffffff', 'header_font': 'normal normal 50px Corsiva', 'header_background_color': 'transparent', 'main_border_width': '0', 'main_padding': '15px', 'tabs_border_color': '#666666', 'image_text_color': '#222222', 'description_text_size': '140%', 'post_footer_background_color': '#f9f9f9', 'body_background_gradient_tile': 'url(http://www.blogblog.com/1kt/simple/body_gradient_tile_light.png)', 'page_width': 'auto', 'tabs_background_gradient': 'url(http://www.blogblog.com/1kt/simple/gradients_light.png)', 'mobile_background_overlay': 'transparent none repeat scroll top left', 'main_padding_bottom': '30px', 'tabs_background_color': '#6aa84f', 'image_border_large_size': '5px', 'post_margin_bottom': '25px', 'body_background_override': '', 'tabs_margin_side': '30px', 'link_hover_color': '#33aaff', 'description_text_color': '#999999', 'body_text_color': '#222222', 'content_padding_horizontal': '10px', 'endSide': 'right', 'page_width_selector': '.region-inner', 'date_header_padding': 'inherit', 'post_footer_text_color': '#666666', 'startSide': 'left', 'date_header_color': '#222222', 'tabs_font': 'normal normal 16px \47Courier New\47, Courier, FreeMono, monospace', 'post_footer_border_color': '#eeeeee', 'body_font': 'normal normal 12px Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, FreeSans, sans-serif', 'footer_bevel': '0', 'tabs_bevel_border_width': '1px', 'date_header_background_color': 'transparent', 'content_shadow_spread_ie': '10px', 'widget_title_text_color': '#000000', 'header_border_horizontalsize': '0', 'image_border_color': '#eeeeee', 'tabs_border_width': '1px', 'content_background_color': '#ffffff', 'link_color': '#2288bb', 'header_text_color': '#222222', 'date_header_letterspacing': 'inherit', 'tabs_margin_top': '0', 'main_padding_top': '30px', 'header_border_size': '1px', 'tabs_selected_text_color': '#000000', 'content_background_color_selector': '.content-inner', 'body_background_color': '#66bbdd', 'widget_alternate_text_color': '#999999'}, 'override': ''}}, {'name': 'view', 'data': {'classic': {'name': 'classic', 'url': '?view\75classic'}, 'flipcard': {'name': 'flipcard', 'url': '?view\75flipcard'}, 'magazine': {'name': 'magazine', 'url': '?view\75magazine'}, 'mosaic': {'name': 'mosaic', 'url': '?view\75mosaic'}, 'sidebar': {'name': 'sidebar', 'url': '?view\75sidebar'}, 'snapshot': {'name': 'snapshot', 'url': '?view\75snapshot'}, 'timeslide': {'name': 'timeslide', 'url': '?view\75timeslide'}}}]); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_PageListView', new _WidgetInfo('PageList1', 'crosscol', null, document.getElementById('PageList1'), {'title': 'Pages', 'links': [{'href': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/', 'title': 'Beranda', 'isCurrentPage': false}, {'href': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/p/download.html', 'title': 'Download', 'isCurrentPage': false, 'id': '1209112273910265305'}], 'mobile': false}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_CustomSearchView', new _WidgetInfo('CustomSearch1', 'sidebar-right-1', null, document.getElementById('CustomSearch1'), {'title': 'Search', 'includeBlog': true, 'includePostLinks': true, 'includeWeb': true, 'linkLists': [{'id': 'BlogList1', 'title': 'My Blog List'}], 'blogUrl': 'http://wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/', 'loadingMsg': 'Loading...', 'thisBlogMsg': 'This Blog', 'linkedFromHereMsg': 'Linked From Here', 'theWebMsg': 'The Web', 'backgroundColor': '#ffffff', 'textColor': '#222222', 'dateColor': '#999999', 'linkColor': '#2288bb', 'urlColor': '#2288bb', 'visitedLinkColor': '#888888', 'borderColor': '#666666', 'activeBorderColor': '#666666', 'cse_ua': false}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML7', 'sidebar-right-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML7'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML8', 'sidebar-right-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML8'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_FollowersView', new _WidgetInfo('Followers1', 'sidebar-right-1', null, document.getElementById('Followers1'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML6', 'sidebar-right-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML6'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML1', 'sidebar-left-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML1'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_LabelView', new _WidgetInfo('Label1', 'sidebar-left-1', null, document.getElementById('Label1'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_BlogListView', new _WidgetInfo('BlogList1', 'sidebar-left-1', null, document.getElementById('BlogList1'), {'numItemsToShow': 0, 'totalItems': 2}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_LinkListView', new _WidgetInfo('LinkList1', 'sidebar-left-1', null, document.getElementById('LinkList1'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML3', 'sidebar-left-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML3'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_BlogArchiveView', new _WidgetInfo('BlogArchive1', 'sidebar-left-1', null, document.getElementById('BlogArchive1'), {'languageDirection': 'ltr'}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_StatsView', new _WidgetInfo('Stats1', 'footer-2-2', null, document.getElementById('Stats1'), {'title': 'Total Pageviews', 'showGraphicalCounter': true, 'showAnimatedCounter': true, 'showSparkline': false, 'statsUrl': '//wiryodikoro.blogspot.com/b/stats?style\75BLACK_TRANSPARENT\46timeRange\75ALL_TIME\46token\75YfmQTEkBAAA.4CN6d8obZ7Vu0nkPsktaulKRggnU7EmOhS2nfXHd_X8.G7fO_O-sHCTNBdbBqrm9Gg'}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML9', 'footer-2-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML9'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HTMLView', new _WidgetInfo('HTML5', 'footer-2-1', null, document.getElementById('HTML5'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_AttributionView', new _WidgetInfo('Attribution1', 'footer-3', null, document.getElementById('Attribution1'), {'attribution': 'Copyright @2011 Wiryodikoro. Simple template. Powered by \74a href\75\47http://www.blogger.com\47 target\75\47_blank\47\76Blogger\74/a\76.'}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_HeaderView', new _WidgetInfo('Header1', 'header', null, document.getElementById('Header1'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_NavbarView', new _WidgetInfo('Navbar1', 'navbar', null, document.getElementById('Navbar1'), {}, 'displayModeFull')); _WidgetManager._RegisterWidget('_BlogView', new _WidgetInfo('Blog1', 'main', null, document.getElementById('Blog1'), {'cmtInteractionsEnabled': false, 'lightboxEnabled': true, 'lightboxModuleUrl': 'https://www.blogger.com/static/v1/jsbin/499663027-lbx.js', 'lightboxCssUrl': 'https://www.blogger.com/static/v1/v-css/2392111094-lightbox_bundle.css'}, 'displayModeFull')); </script> </body> </html>